A situational judgement test (SJT) presents a candidate with different situations and offers multiple options to respond to these situations. All situations presented are related to the job and challenges the procedural job knowledge required to be successful.
Does the candidate have a good understanding of effectively dealing with these situations? Do they know how they should respond? And also, how not to?
An extra advantage of the SJT's is that they provide candidates the possibility to experience what the job is like. If there is a difference in expectation and reality a candidate can choose to step out of the selection process saving time and effort for all involved.
Example of a SJT question